Angella Ferguson, MD

Angella Ferguson – graduated from Howard University Medical School in 1949. She completed her internship and residency at Freemans’ hospital and joined the faculty at Howard University in 1953 as an instructor in pediatrics. While collecting data to correlate children’s height and weight with age, Ferguson noticed a high prevalence of sickle cell disease among the infants she treated in her practice. In her work she tracked the development of the disease in African American infants. Ferguson was one of the first researchers to dedicate her studies to sickle cell disease. Ferguson created guidelines for diagnosing sickle cell anemia in children under 12 using a blood test. The blood test she developed to detect the disease at birth became a standard test in forty U.S. states by 2010 and remains the standard in most states to this day.